Nanotechnology-What is Nanotech? Nanotechnology definition -Nano
Nanotechnology is science, technology, and technology. That is operated on a molecular scale. Nanotechnology is the alteration and control of substances at atomic and molecular levels. Nanotech works with a small structure of 100 Nanometers. In the medical field, the nanotechnology of energy production can bring huge changes. Nanotec is a science that uses metallic materials to make astronomical devices on a nuclear or molecular scale. The word nano comes from the Greek Nanos, which means the word dwarf but is used as a standard unit. Richard Feynman is called the father of nanotechnology.
A meter of 1 meter is called 1 nanometer. That is 1 nm = 10-9 m. And the nanometric scale is the technology that is called nanotechnology.
History of Nanotechnology And Nano
Two major discoveries in the history of nanotech are (1) the discovery of scanning tunneling microscope in 2918, And (2) Folerein discovery by the cobalt molecule.
For the first success, Jordan Binning, Heinrich Rohrer, and IBM Zurich Rischer Laboratory jointly won the Nobel Prize in 1986. And for the discovery of Fullerene, Harry Crato, Ricardo Smoly, and Rabat Kuri received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1996.
The nanoparticles used in nanotech are made through two processes. One is from top to bottom and the other is below.
Under the TopDown method, the size and structure of the fixed nano are cut. And in the down-to-top process, creating stricter structural nanopaths with small-sized molecules.
All the electronics used in our daily life are nanotechnology made in the top-down process. Most of the smallest technology in the nanometer scale is being made down to the top process today.
Nanotechnology from Nano Science
Do you remember the Google Map Satellite View? The green trees and the sea on most of the Earth’s surface, a blue-green appears to be bigger than the Earth’s surface. Now start zooming on the map, gradually many countries will look at nanotechnology and start zooming grass.
If you do more zoom in this way, you will see that plant molecule is composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, and once things are all divided. So this is Nano Science, which helps us to understand from the very roots that how each element is made and its core is what it is.
And when we can understand Nano Science, I can use it to generate something new and it will be called Nanotechnology. Because technology comes from science and follows the rules of science making our everyday life easier, technology is the job of technology.
Now let’s take some simple ideas about this – hopefully, the main thing about Nanotechnology is that you have become clear about the material.
Use of Nanotechnology
Most of the advantages of Nanotech can be seen in the future, but this technology is still helping us to change the world in different ways. You might think that is a great thing at once and it’s a whole new technology-because “technology” means we think of human-made techniques.
Our life itself is a sample of nanotechnology. Our bodies work in proteins, viruses, bacteria, cells, etc. in the form of nanotechnology.
Maybe you are currently using Already “Nanotechnology”. Even from the bed linen to the Traveling Bag, it is also ready for nanotechnology. This is used in some branded sunscreen creams, only by putting the cream on your skin, it simply puts the titanium oxide or zinc oxide layer, so it blocks the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays.
Carbon Nano Tubes are the most remarkable Nanomaterial. As a result of its Atomic formation, it has made it a very strong substance. It is possible to make any long measurements in fiber drawing.
Micro Electronics is another form of nanotechnology. Typically the word “micro” is used in microelectronics because its drawing is due to being a microscopic scale.
But computer scientists have said that if it is possible to make more transistors in the same place, it is possible to make the computer size smaller and more powerful. Currently, computer processors are prepared by 100-200 nanometers of transistors and the day is being reduced by more size and all of this is possible due to Nanotechnology.
Another interesting fact of Nanotechnology is that it is possible to create a very small machine; From gears, switches, pumps, machines – and completely different atoms. Nanomachines can be made by nanorobots, which are called nanobots. Nanobot can be injected into our body so that it can fight with adverse conditions.
- Create computer hardware
- Nano Robot
- Electronics equipment
- To make Kalani
- Made of packaging and plating
- Made of medicines
- Sports goods
- Aerospace Expedition
- Clothing industry
- Creation of spicy organs
Advantages and Disadvantages
Advantages of Nanotechnology-
- More durable or permanent, relatively small in size and lightweight.
- The drug produced by the application of nanotechnology is quick to gain access to “smart drugs”.
- Work on the manufacture of silver in the packaging of food products.
- The use of Nano Transistor, Nano Diode, Plasma Display, etc. is revolutionizing the electronics industry.
- Solar power can be utilized more effectively through the battery, fuel cell, solar cell, etc. made by nanotechnology.
Disadvantage of Nanotechnology
- Nanotechnology is expensive. As a result, the products produced by this technology are costly.
- A nanoparticle is harmful to the human body.
Last word About Nanotechnology
It will rule more in the future. However, there are also some difficulties with the benefits of this technology. Due to the small size of the nanobot, many doctors agree that it can enter the bone with blood, so no one knows what can happen.